Savan Somvar Vrat- why do Hindus offer milk and water to Lord Shiva

I did not know the significance of the Savan Somvar Vrat until yesterday when I got down to write a new blog post for my website.

For some time, I had been wanting to write on the ancient practice of offering milk and water to Lord Shiva by millions of Indians during July-August.

Shiva is also known as Adiyogi and the Savan Somvar Vrat is devoted to Him

Fortunately, I got the inspiration to write this post on the second Somvar of this Savan i.e. yesterday.

Meaning of Savan Somvar Vrat


There are three words in Savan Somvar Vrat and I will explain each of them here, as simply as possible.

The word Savan represents a particular month in the Indian/ Hindu calendar. This month marks the beginning of the monsoons in India. Normally, Savan corresponds to July.

Somvar is Monday, the first day of the week. The word  Som denotes moon and Var is a day. So, Somvar is the day of the Moon or Monday.

Vrat in Hindu terminology means a penance or a vow. People observe certain vows on Mondays during July.The idea behind these vows is to clean one’s body, mind and spirit.

This year, there are 5 Somvars in the 2017 Savan.

I hope it is now properly understood.

Shiva and Parvati


On these Mondays in July, people offer milk and water to Lord Shiva. This year, there are 5 Mondays in the Savan month when devotees can offer milk and water to the Lord and observe penances and vows. The Savan Somvar Vrat tradition is tightly linked to Lord Shiva.

Shiva is one of the three Gods of the Holy Trinity. He is the God of Destruction but is also the primordial source of all creation.

The Vedas say that billions of years ago, there was a Golden Egg which burst open all of a sudden and created our Universe and Solar System. That Egg is represented by Shiva whom we represent in the form of a Shivaling.

When we all die, then our souls go and rest in that Egg.

Isn’t all this mystical?

Parvati is the wife of Shiva. He has an entire family which comprises Parvati and two sons- Ganesh and Kartikeya.

Shiva family

Why is Shiva worshiped?


First of all, Shiva is the God of Death so many Indians pray to him so that death doesn’t visit them.

But there is another reason why Shankar or Shiva is worshiped .He  is selfless and friendly and does not harbor any ill will towards any creation.

In fact, Shiva is so selfless that He once drank poison for the benefit of all His creations! That poison made His throat blue and that is why another name of Lord Shiva is Neelkanth or the One whose throat is blue.

Meaning of Shiva


We all know that the Somvar Vrat is connected to Shiva. But is the meaning of the name of the Lord of Death?

I did a little bit of research and found that Shiva means being pure, beautiful and truthful.

Being pure doesn’t mean being clean. Similarly, beautiful has a spiritual implication.

Shiva is a state of being beautiful, truthful and pure.

If you want to know more about Shiva, then click on the headline of this section.

How does Shiva look like?


The God and His consort live on Mount Kailash, which is in Tibet.

Shiva appears primarily in the form of a Shivaling, which represents the primordial Golden Egg.

Shiva- the Adiyogi

Sometimes, He appears as an unbearded Sadhu, draped in tiger skin and holding a Trident. The favorite vehicle of Shiva is Nandi. Nandi is a bull.

Shiva sports the moon on His head and around His neck are several serpents.

The trident, bull, serpents, and the moon are metaphors and represent certain spiritual qualities that can not be described in simple words.

Having described Shiva, let us now read the story of the Savan Somvar Vrat.

Shivaling at Lepakshi, India. Creds- Flickr

Savan Somvar Vrat stories


The first story about Savan Somvar Vrat is about Goddess Parvati who prayed for several Mondays to get Lord Shiva as her husband.

Many ancient Hindus scriptures like Shiv Puran say that She prayed for several thousand years for this purpose.

Hindu unmarried girls follow the Goddess on all the Savan Somvars to get good looking and virtuous husbands.

Shahi Snan
Shahi Snan (Royal Bath) of Lord Shiva in Mahakaleshwar Mandir, Ujjain

Another story goes like this.

Several thousands of years ago, there was a rich merchant who lived with his wife.

This couple had everything that it desired and there was nor reason for it to complain.

However, there was a problem.

The couple was childless  even after several years of marriage. You know how terrible it is to be childless, don’t you?

However, the couple was a great devotee of Shiva. Every Monday, the husband, and wife went to the nearby Shiva temple and prayed to the Lord. However, their misery continued.

Seeing the miserable condition of the couple, one day Goddes Parvati requested Lord Shiva to help them out. “Please help them have a child”, she requested.

Only till 16 years


“Alright, they will have a child, and it will be a boy,” said Shiva, ” but the boy will live only up to 16 years.”

That night, the God of Death appeared in the dreams of the merchant and told him about the child. ” But don’t tell all this to your wife, else she will get disturbed”, advised Shiva.

And indeed, a few months later, the couple was blessed with a baby boy. Finally, their troubles were over.

The couple devoted a large part of their time in educating the young boy and when the lad grew up, his mother started thinking of his marriage.

But the father had other ideas. He knew that the child won’t cross 16 and would leave a widow behind if the child got married. The father was not very enthusiastic about his handsome son’s marriage.

One day, the father called his brother -in-law and asked him to take the son to Varanasi. The father wanted his son to pursue spiritual studies in Varanasi.

Off to Varanasi


Soon enough, the young man settled in Varanasi where he was admitted to a college by his uncle .Varanasi ghats

The teachers were pleased  by the discipline and intelligence of their new pupil. The young man was doing pretty fine in his college.

One day, when the young man was coming back to his house, he met a wedding procession. This party was going to the King’s palace.The bridegroom was going to that palace to marry the King’s daughter.

Also read- Maheshwar, the Varanasi of Central India

However there was a problem. The bridegroom was blind by one eye and did not want to tell the King about his disability. This marriage was going to be a sham affair and the King was unaware of this plot.

The indecent proposal


When the bridegroom saw the handsome young man standing by the road, he came to the latter and made a proposal; why don’t you marry the girl in my place? I will reward you with lots of gems and jewellery. Once the marriage is over, you can go back to your house and leave the girl with me.

I think our young man was tempted by the lure of money for he agreed readily.

When he sat down for the marriage rituals, the young man reflected on his stupid act. He fished out a handkerchief and began writing a small message for his ‘wife’- I am not your bridegroom, the real person is somebody else.

Alas, the young boy could not hand over his note to the girl and finally both of them were married.

Nevertheless, the young man finally explained the situation to his wife and told her that he was leaving for his house to pursue studies. Of course, the girl was shattered upon hearing all this and she too decided to go back to her parents’ home. She simply did not want to continue her life with her one-eyed husband.

The clock was ticking..


We all have limited lives on this planet but we don’t know when our time will be over.

In the case of our handsome young man, the clock was ticking all the time.

One day, tragedy struck finally.

It so happened that on that fateful day, the uncle was feeding some guests in house and his nephew was studying in another room.

All of a sudden, the nephew experienced a pain in his chest and in the next few minutes, passed away. The time of the nephew was well and truly over. The God of Death had come and taken away the young man’s life.

When this information reached the young man’s parents, they were stunned. While the father had prepared himself for this eventuality, the mother went into a painful silence.

Tragedy had revisited this couple.

Seeing all this, Goddess Parvati again requested Shiva to intervene. But, the Lord merely said,” Dead men can’t be brought back to life”.

But She persisted and later the Lord had to concede to her request.



Lo and behold, the young boy came back to life once again !

You can imagine the happiness that swept through the hearts and minds of the couple.

But why did Shiva bring back the dead boy to life ?

The Lord says to his consort, ” All those who keep the Savan Somvar Vrat make me happy and contented. I return that happiness to my devotees”.

This is also one reason why many Hindus practice this Vrat on Savan Somvars as it keeps death away.

Thank you


Do you know that Shiva is also offered milk , leaves, and water to cool HIS throat? After consuming poison, His throat is always burning and one way of thanking him is to offer cold milk, leaves and lots of water.

What a way of thanking the gentle Shiva!

Did you like this post?

If you have any other information on Savan Somvar Vrat, please write back to me.


Thanks for reading this.









  1. Great post Swayam. Totally decodes Savan Somvar Vrat . I was not aware of the story of the boy coming to life. My tryst with this was when my friends in college would fast for a “good husband” and I would give them company, eat their aloo with sendha namak for lunch, wait till 12.05 am (just to be sure) and delve into food ?

  2. Although I love the fact that behind most of the Hindu mythology there is some strong scientific reasons hidden. But i am not able to relate to the custom of offering milk. In a country where many sleep hungry stomach, a tons of milk is offered to the idols!!

  3. What I love about reading beliefs like this is I get to understand on how I should delve into other culture. You have just clearly elucidated everything and I truly find it interesting. I haven’t heard anything about this Indian belief and thank you for introducing this to me by simply reading your blog post. Thank you so much for sharing this with us.

  4. Lots of information you shared here! I’m always fascinated about Hinduism. This definitely shed some light to some of the customs Hindus perform. 😀

  5. Thank you for throwing light on this part of India. I guess travelers coming to India are most intrigued by the rituals we follow and it’s important to create awareness about them. I wasn’t aware of the boy story you have mentioned.

  6. This is such an interesting read. My first exposure on Hindu is when I went on temple tour in Cambodia and I found the story real fascinating especially the churning of the sea of milk. So I find the story of Savan Somvar Vrat very interesting (and thanks for breaking down what each word meant). The story about the boy kept me going. So this is why the offering of milk is being observed, to thank Shiva. I was so interested to see how he looks that I googled Shiva with the blue throat hahaha…

  7. I know Shiva from movies and books, but I’ve learned more about this Hindu God from your post. I’ve only been to one Hindu temple and that was a long time ago, but I’m always fascinated with the stories behind each and every ritual. Thank you for sharing this post!

  8. This was very interesting! I love learning as much as I can about other cultures customs and rituals. We are currently in Costa Rica and I am curious why they bury the dead above ground? Very fascinating article, thank you for sharing!

  9. This is such a great post. So much informational, really appreciate that you took the time to research & write about Shivji at such length. A big thank you Swayam 🙂

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